The Companions عَلَیْہِمُ الرِّضْوَان, The Awliya رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ, Islamic Scholars رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ

Our Pious Predecessors

Maulana Abu Majid Shahid Attari Madani

Shawwāl is the 10th month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Ninety-seven saints and scholars of Islam who passed away in this month have been mentioned in previous Shawwāl editions of the Monthly Magazine Faizan-e-Madinah (from 1438AH to 1444AH).  Below, a further 12 are mentioned:

The Companions  عَلَیْہِمُ الرِّضْوَان

*   Martyrs of the Battle of unayn

After the conquest of Makkah on the 10th of Shawwāl 8 AH, 12,000 Companions engaged in battle with 25,000 disbelievers from the tribes of Thaqīf and Hawāzin in unayn, a location 30km away from Ṭāˈif. The Companions were victorious, whilst four of them were martyred.[1]

1.   Yasār Rāʿī رَضِىَ اللّٰهُ عَـنْهُ

He became a slave of the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم after the Battle of Banū Maarib and Thʿalabah[2]. He was freed by the Prophet صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم due to his upstanding method of performing salah, and then issued responsibility of herding the Prophet’s camels. He was martyred by apostates from the Banū ʿArīnah and ʿAkl in Shawwal 6AH, and laid to rest in Quba (near Madinah). Surayyah became Kurz b. Jābir because of this incident.[3]

* The Awliya  رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ

2.   Sadīd al-Dīn udhayfah b. Qatādah Marʿashī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

He was born in Marash (Karaman, Turkey) and passed away in this city on the 24th of Shawwāl 252 AH. He was a Tābiʿī, scholar, jurist, academic, and a saint. He spent time with Sufyān Thawrī and Ibrāhīm b. Adham, becoming successor of the latter. Yūsuf b. Asbā was his renowned friend and Abū Hurayrah Barī his successor.[4]

3.   Abū Hurayrah Amīn al-Dīn Baṣrī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

A saint born in Basrah 167 AH, he passed away on the 7th of Shawwāl 287 AH at the age of 120. He was a memoriser of the Quran, scholar, ufī, and an ardently motivated individual. He was also extremely passionate about reciting the Quran and keeping optional fasts.[5]

4.   Khāja ʿĀrif Riwgarī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

Famous for his knowledge, piety, sainthood, and devoutness, he was born on the 27th of Rajab in Riwgar (Bukhara; Uzbekistan) and passed away in Shawwāl 715 AH.[6]

5.   Muhammad Ismāʿīl Suharwardī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

Born to the prestigious Khokhar family in Pothwar 995 AH, he passed away on the 5th of Shawwāl 1085 AH and was laid to rest in Mughalpura, Lahore. He was a memoriser of the Quran and saint reputed for his expertise in various sciences and performing of saintly miracles.[7]

6.   Mujāhid Shāh Ghulām Jilānī Siddīqī Qādirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

The son of Badr al-Dīn Awad was a scholar and saint rich with spiritual beauty. Born in 1163 AH, he passed away on the 17th of Shawwāl 1235 AH and was laid to rest in Rohtak.[8]

7.   Sayyid Nithār ʿAlī Mashhadī Qādirī Chishtī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

An erudite scholar beloved to the people of Allur, and a shaykh of the Qādiriyyah Rājshāhiyyah and Chishtiyyah ābiriyyah spiritual orders. He was born around 1245 AH and passed away on the 6th of Shawwāl  1328 AH. The hadith expert, Sayyid Dīdār ʿAlī was his nephew and successor.[9]

* Islamic Scholars رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـهُ

8.   Abū Muhammad ʿAbdullah b. Muhammad Ḥārithī Sabdhamūnī Bukhārī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

Born in the year 258 AH and passing away in Shawwāl 340 AH, he was the greatest scholar of hadith and jurist of his time. He penned Kashf al-Āthār fī Manāqib Abī anīfah.[10]

9.   Fayḍ Aḥmad Badāyūnī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

The student and nephew of Fal Badāyūnī was born in Budaun (Uttar Pradesh; India) and was martyred in Shawwāl 1274 AH. He was a murīd of his grandfather (ʿAbd al-Majīd Badāyūnī), and a master of logical and transmitted sciences. He fought in the Indian  freedom war of 1857 AD and was martyred.[11]

10.   Fatḥ Muhammad Icharvī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

An accomplished scholar, teacher of contemporaries, and murid of ʿAbd al-Rasūl Qaūrī b. Dāˈim al-uūrī. He is also the author of alāt al-Qurān bi-mutābaʿat abīb al-Raman. This saint passed away on the 29th of Shawwāl 1335 AH and is laid to rest in the Ichrah cemetery.[12]

11.   Muhammad Din Badhawi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

Born in Badhu (Rawalpindi) around 1301 AH, he was a student of Fal aq Rāmpurī, a murīd of Sayyid Mehr ʿAlī Shāh, an expert in a multitude of sciences, and a teacher with many students. He was also fluent in Punjabi, Pushto, Persian, and more. He passed away in his hometown on the 11th of Shawwāl 1383 AH.[13]

12.   Ghulām Qādir Ashrafī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَـلَيْه

This preacher of Islam was born on the 14th of Muarram 1323 AH in Faridkot State (Ferozpur District, East Punjab, India). He passed away on the 2nd of Shawwāl 1399 AH and is laid to rest in Lala Musa District, Gujarat. He supervised scholarly studies at Jāmiʿa Naʿīmiyyah in Moradabad, and was a prolific speaker, an author of 17 books, and a star of guidance for people. He was fluent in Urdu, Hindi, Basha, Gurmukhi, Gyani and Sanskrit. He was a successor of Shaykh iaˈ al-Dīn Amad Madanī and Sayyid ʿAlī usayn Ashrafī, and an activist of the Pakistan movement.[14]

[1] Muawwar Ghazwāt al-Nabī, p. 56

[2] Also known as the Battle of Ghaafān and Dhī Amr - which occurred during Rabīʿ al-Awwal 3 AH in Najd.

[3] Maʿrifat al-aāba, vol. 4, p. 422; Kitāb al-Maghāzī, foreword, vol. 1, p. 33, vol. 2, p. 568; Subul al-Hudā wa al-Rashād, vol. 6, p. 115

[4] ilyat al-Awliyāˈ, vol. 8, p. 295; Tufat al-Abrār, p. 43

[5] Tufat al-Abrār, p. 44, Iqtibas-e-Anwaar, p. 258

[6] Hazrāt al-Qudus, translated, vol. 1, p. 136; Tarīkh Mashāˈikh Naqshband, p. 130

[7] Taqīqāt-e-Chishtī, pp. 387 - 397

[8] Millat Rājshāhī, pp. 96-97

[9] Sayyidī Abū al-Barakāt, p. 117; Rōshan Terīrēin, p. 139

[10] Siyar Aʿlām al-Nubalāˈ, vol. 12, p. 87; Kashf al-Āthār fī Manāqib Abī anīfah, p. 20

[11] Mawlānā Fay Amad Badāyūnī, pp. 17/33-34

[12] Tadhkirah Akābir Ahl al-Sunnat, pp. 369-370

[13] Tadhkirah Akābir Ahl al-Sunnat, pp. 466-467

[14] Sawāni Ashraf al-Mashāˈikh, pp. 7-13/25-27




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