The Noble Companions عَـلَيْهِمُ الرِّضْوَانْ:

Our Pious Predecessors

Mawlana Abu Majid Muhammad Shahid Attari Madani

Jumada al-Ukhra is the 6th month of the Islamic calendar. In the previous editions of Monthly Magazine Faizan-e-Madina from Jumada al-Ukhra 1438 AH to 1443 AH, we learned about 87 the noble Companions, scholars of Islam, and saints who passed away in this month. In this addition, we will learn about 12 more.

The Noble Companions عَـلَيْهِمُ الرِّضْوَانْ :

1.   Sayyidunā Hind b. Abī Hāla Nabāsh b. Zurāra al-Tamīmī رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ is the son of Sayyidatunā Khadīja al-Kubrā رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ عَنْهَا from a previous marriage. He was raised in the Prophetic household and was eloquent, well-spoken, and an accomplished poet who would describe the beauty of the noble Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم in the most beautiful way. Many hadith are narrated from him, and he attained martyrdom during the Battle of Jamal (Jumada al-Ukhra 36 AH).[1]

2.   Sayyidunā Muṭīʿ b. Aswad al-Qurashī al-ʿAdawī رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ accepted Islam during Conquest of Makkah. His name was ʿĀ, but the beloved Prophet صَلَّى الـلّٰـهُ عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم changed it to Muīʿ. Many Companions narrated hadith from him. His son is the valiant warrior and Companion, Sayyidunā ʿAbd Allah b. Muīʿ رَضِىَ الـلّٰـهُ عَـنْهُ . According to one report, he was martyred in the Battle of Jamal (Jumada al-Ukhra 36 AH).[2]

The Godly Saints رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْهم :

3.   Sayyidunā Qāsim b. Muhammad b. Abū Bakr al-iddīq رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْهم was born in 24 AH, in Madina, and was raised by our mother, Sayyidatunā ʿĀʾisha al-iddīqa  رَضِیَ الـلّٰـهُ عَنْهَا . He was a narrator of hadith, imam of the huffaz, a seasoned jurist, and a beacon of guidance for the community. Hailed as a leading Follower, he is one of the famous 7 jurists of Madina. He passed away on 24 Jumada al-Ukhra, in either 105 AH, 106 AH, or 108 AH, in the Qudayd area. He was laid to rest in Mushallal.[3]

4.   The leader of the abdāl, Sayyidunā Khwāja Qudwat al-Dīn Abū Amad Abdāl asanī Chishtī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 260 AH to an honourable family of Sayyids in Chisht. He passed away in his birth town at the age of 95, in Jumada al-Ukhra 355 AH. At the age of 20 years, he was drawn to the inner sciences and spiritual refinement. Eventually, he emerged as a leading man of Allah and a saintly qutb. His miracles were well known.[4]

5.   The radiant sun of gnosis, Sayyidunā Khwāja Shams al-Dīn Turk Pānipatī ābirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born on 21 Jumad al-Ukhra 597 AH, in Markhas (Turkistan) to an Alawi family. He passed away on 15 Jumada al-Ukhra 716 AH in Panipat. As a confluence of outer knowledge and deep spiritual insight, he was both a scholar and a saint. He travelled widely, strived in the way of Allah Almighty, and performed many miracles.[5]

6.   Sayyidunā Shaykh Sayyid ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn ʿAlī al-Jīlānī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was a seventh-generation descendant of the Crown of the Saints, Shaykh Abdul al-Qadir al-Jilani رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه . He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 24 Jumada al-Ukhra 793 AH, in Cairo, Egypt.[6]

7.   The saintly pole, Mawlāna akīm Shāh Muhammad Ismāʿīl Mahmī Qādirī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1200 AH, in Kahnūr, Rahtak District (East Punjab, Hind), and was martyred on 28 Jumada al-Ukhra 1274 AH due to his participation in the Independence Movement of 1857 CE. His resting place is under the fig tree in Hisar railway station (East Punjab, Hind). He was a scholar, Sufi master, an expert physician, poet, and author. Riyā al-Adwiyāʾ and Bayā āil al-Safr are some of his notable works.[7]

8.   Born in India, Pir Sayyid Asad Allah Gaylānī, known as Budhan Miya, was a celebrated descendent of Shaykh ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه . He was a Sufi master and a well-known saint of South India. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه passed away on 4 Jumada al-Ukhra 1301 AH, in Nasik (Karnatak, Hind), and was buried in Dharangaon (Khandis District, Hind).[8]

9.   Sayyidunā Pīr ayāt Muhammad Sialkotī was born in Sialkot to a Kashmiri family, and it was here that he passed away on 11 Jumada al-Ukhra 1361 AH. He was a disciple and caliph of Pir Sayyid Jamāʿat ʿAlī Shāh ʿAlīpūrī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه , a devout worshipper and ascetic, someone accepted by the commonfolk and scholars alike, a preacher in the Kashmiri language, and a confluence of outer knowledge and inner spirituality.[9]

Scholars of Islam رَحِمَهُمُ الـلّٰـه السَّلام :

10.   Sayyidunā Sayyid Mūsā Shāh Gaylānī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born to a Kashmiri family of Gaylanī Sayyids. He was a pious scholar, a teacher of Dars-i-Nizami, and a saint of deep spiritual insight and powerful miracles. His khanqah was a fountainhead of both outward and inward sciences. He passed away on 17 Jumada al-Ukhra 1236 AH. His shrine is located in Kashmir.[10]

11.   Mawlana Gul Sher Merwī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1316 AH, in Malhowali (Attock District), and was martyred on 1 Jumada al-Ukhra 1363 AH. He رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was laid to rest in the Southern graveyard of Malhowali. He was a hafiz of the Quran, a scholar of Islam, an excellent orator, and a murid of Khwāja Amad Merwi رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه .[11]

12.   The champion of truth, the teacher of teachers, ʿAbd al-Mannān Shahbazgharī رَحْمَةُ الـلّٰـهِ عَلَيْه was born in 1313 AH, in Shahbazghar (Mardan District) to a scholarly family. After studying the rational and transmitted sciences with local ulema, he completed his study of the six canonical books of hadith in Madrasah Andar Kot Meerut (U.P., Hind). He taught at Madrassah Nusrat al-Islam Hind, Dar al-Uloom Manzar-e-Islam, Bareilly, Dar al-Uloom Hizb al-Ahnaf Lahore, Madrassah Shahbazghar, and was also the imam and khatib of Masjid Bahram Khayl. He passed away on 8 Jumada al-Ukhra, 1399 AH. His mausoleum is adjacent to Masjid Sahib-e-Haqq Shahbazghar.[12]

[1] Al-Isabah, vol. 6, p. 436; Usd al-Ghaabah, vol. 5, p. 434

[2] Al-Isti'āb Fi Ma'rifat Al-Ashāb, vol. 4, p. 38; Al-Isabah, vol. 6, p. 105

[3] Siyar A’lam al-Nubala, vol. 5, pp. 534 – 539; Tareekh Mashaaikh Naqshband, p. 68

[4] Tuhfat al-Abrar, pp. 52 – 54; Iqtibas al-Anwar, p. 277

[5] Encyclopaedia Awliya-e-Kiram, vol. 3, p. 57

[6] Al-Ithaf al-Kabir, p. 399

[7] Tazkirah Sufiya-e-Mewat, pp. 500 - 510

[8] Tazkirat al-Ansaab, p. 112

[9] Tazkirah Khulafa e Amir Millat, p. 109

[10] Encyclopaedia Awliya-e-Kiram, vol. 1, p. 368

[11] Tazkirah ‘Ulema-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Zila’ Attock, p. 233

[12] Ta’aruf ‘Ulema-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat, p. 210; Hayat Sahib Haq, pp. 52 - 85




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